Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and feces. This includes the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal.
Providing sanitation to people requires a systems approach, rather than only focusing on the toilet or wastewater treatment plant itself. The main objective of a sanitation system is to protect and promote human health by providing a clean environment and breaking the cycle of disease. The collection, transport, treatment and disposal or reuse of human excreta, domestic wastewater and solid waste, and associated hygiene promotion.
The overall purposes of sanitation are to provide a healthy living environment for everyone, to protect the natural resources (such as surface water, groundwater, soil), and to provide safety, security and dignity for people when they defecate or urinate.
Manual sweeping of road and streets
Provision of collection points/receptacles/bin
Transfer of collection/swept wastes to rubbish points